Guide to Growing and Managing Acai Berries
The Acai berry is a fruit from a palm tree that is grown in the subtropical regions of Central and South America. This wonder berry can be a healthy addition to your dietary regime. Not only does it help to increase heart health, but it can also help in reducing weight and providing a source of vital phytochemicals. Furthermore, research has shown it to be one of the best sources of antioxidants, a brain booster, a great weapon against premature ageing, cancer and unexplained fatigue. Overall, this marvellous little berry can have a significant impact on your well-being and bliss. There are numerous reasons for growing your own acai berries, the cost of buying expensive imported products is one of the most pressing reasons for those wanting direct access to the plant.
Acai palm tree is native to subtropical climates of the Amazon and can be easily cultivated in regions with similar climatic conditions and soil composition. If you are living in a region prone to frost conditions, you achieve the same results utilising a greenhouse for protection.
There are some basic instructions on how to successfully grow acai palm trees. As every plant’s foundation starts with the seed, it is important to have high quality recently harvested stock. The seeds can typically be purchased from agriculture centre near your home. Once you have bought the seeds, soak them in warm water for a day or two and then transfer the seeds into the wet warm soil. Sprouts will appear within next few days and should be covered with a container to keep them warm.
Post infancy period, the germinated seeds should be transferred to the field. Acai berries usually prefer wet soil with sufficient level of warmth. Another important requirement for growth is low light conditions. If you reside in a location which has an intense light, make arrangements to bring down the intensity of light. The acai plant should regularly be watered to keep the soil moist. Fertilise you acai palms with compost at regular intervals. This will provide proper nourishment to the plants and establish healthy growth. Select the compost which contains all nutrients which are essential for plant growth.
Acai palms usually begin to produce fruits in the third or fourth year of its growth. Generally, this is when the plants reach a height of approximately eight to ten feet tall. As the trees grow, small sucker stalks will begin to appear around the base of the trees. The primary tree can grow to extreme heights, so it is advisable to cut the primary tree and leave the smaller trees. The primary tree can be harvested for its delicious centre which can be used in salads. As acai palm is devoid of branches, tree pruning is done only to remove the dead or dying fronds. Pruning should always be carried out by certified arborists, as they have the knowledge and proper tools to undertake the process. Removing dead fronds will not only prevent breakage damage but will also eliminate nesting places for rats, scorpions and other pests. It is recommended that pruning should be done in the early spring. Another reason to prune the palm tree is to decrease potential fire hazards. Extensive pruning should be avoided as it can make the tree weak and unhealthy.
Acai palm produces small purple flowers in clusters and both male and female flowers are borne on the same inflorescence. Flowers are followed by green berries that grow in bunches. Fruit is round drupe about 1 inch in diameter with a seed inside. When fruit turns blackish purple, it is ripe and ready to be harvested.
This guide will help you grow the acai berry plant properly, and you will surely get a rich yield that will taste wonderful.